Underfloor Heating

When buying an apartment or building a house, determine in advance the quality of thermal insulation and heating system. Their shortcomings take their toll after a while, with the onset of winter. There are many ways to make your home warmer, and one of the most effective is installing a heated floor (warm floor). The heat source located at the bottom provides air circulation and uniform heating of the room.

Underfloor heating is a heating element and a floor covering located above it. Today there are 3 types of heating on the market: electric, water and film.

Electric heating.

Fiberglass cable, installed on the floor surface at intervals of 5 to 15 cm, or initially fixed on a fiberglass mesh (the so-called heating mat). When voltage is applied, the cable heats up, producing heat. This type of heating has practically no restrictions on its use, but the user will have to pay for heating the floor in this way with increased energy consumption. Power and temperature control are created with a thermostat. The small risk of fire to apply short circuits also necessitates refractory coating materials used in conjunction with electrical heating.

Water heating.

Instead of cables, pipes of small diameter are laid under the cover, through which hot water circulates. The advantage of this design is its greater efficiency, however, the installation of water heating is prohibited in apartment buildings above 1 floor, therefore, water heating will show itself best in cottages with a heated area of ​​80 - 100 m2. Water recirculation is carried out by a pump installed in the utility room or the bathroom, the water temperature is regulated by the boiler, or by installing a heating element in an additional tank.

Film heating, also often referred to as infrared.

It consists of 2 layers of durable polymer, between which there is a heating carbon element. This type of heating is the least demanding on the floor covering, it is more economical in electricity consumption and practically does not raise the floor level due to the absence of a concrete screed, it is easier to install and dismantle. The disadvantage of infrared coating is its price, which exceeds electrical and water counterparts by an average of 40% and more. Power is also supplied from the mains.

The temperature and need for heating can vary even within the same room, which makes it reasonable to use mixed types of heating or install an intelligent thermoregulation system that takes into account the temperature inside and outside the room.